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TIFF File Format

TIFF is a tag based file format which is designed to promote the interchange of digital image data. The general scenario TIFF format was invented for assumes that scanning or painting software creates a TIFF file, which can then be read and incorporated into a document or a publication by an application such as a desktop publishing package.

This image format is rather versatile and have a lot of modifications. Graphics Mill for .NET supports the following compression methods and special-interest formats:

  • CCITT RLE, Group 3, and Group 4 Fax compression,
  • LZW compression,
  • JPEG compression,
  • ZIP "deflate" compression.

Format Name

TIFF

MIME Type

image/tiff

File Extensions

*.tiff, *.tif

Supported Pixel Formats

Description Read Write
1 bit palette-based Yes Yes
4 bit palette-based Yes Yes
8 bit palette-based Yes Yes
8 bit grayscale Yes Yes
16 bit grayscale with the alpha channel Yes Yes
16 bit grayscale (16 bits per channel) Yes Yes
24 bit RGB Yes Yes
32 bit RGB with the alpha channel Yes Yes
48 bit RGB (16 bits per channel) Yes Yes
64 bit RGB with the alpha channel (16 bits per channel) Yes Yes
32 bit CMYK Yes Yes
40 bit CMYK with the alpha channel Yes Yes
64 bit CMYK (16 bits per channel) Yes Yes
80 bit CMYK with alpha channel (16 bits per channel) Yes Yes
24 bit YCbCr Yes No

Metadata Available for Reading

Name Comments
TiffReader.Exif EXIF data collection.
TiffReader.Iptc IPTC data collection.
TiffReader.Xmp XML code containing the XMP metadata.
TiffReader.AdobeResources Adobe® image resource blocks.

Encoder Options

Name Default Value Comments
TiffEncoderOptions.Exif
TiffWriter.Exif
N/A

EXIF data collection you want to write into the file.

TiffEncoderOptions.Iptc
TiffWriter.Iptc
N/A

IPTC data collection you want to write into the file.

TiffEncoderOptions.Xmp
TiffWriter.Xmp
N/A XML code containing the XMP metadata you want to write into the file.
TiffEncoderOptions.AdobeResources
TiffWriter.AdobeResources
N/A Adobe® image resource blocks you want to write into the file.
TiffEncoderOptions.Compression
TiffFrame.Compression
CompressionType.None

TIFF compression type.

TiffEncoderOptions.Quality
TiffFrame.Quality
75 JPEG quality if compression type is set to CompressionType.Jpeg.

Examples

Loading the TIFF Files with the Single Frame

The simplest way to the TIFF file which has only one frame (or if you do not care about the rest frames) is to pass its name to the constructor:

Visual Basic
Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap("c:\Mountain.tif")
C#
Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap = new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap(@"c:\Mountain.tif");    

Alternatively, if you already have an instance of the Bitmap, you can use Load method:

Visual Basic
Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap
bitmap.Load("c:\Mountain.tif")
C#
Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap = new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap();
bitmap.Load(@"c:\Mountain.tif");

Saving the TIFF Files with the Single Frame

This code example demonstrates how to save the TIFF with the single frame. It just converts the JPEG file into the TIFF format.

Visual Basic
Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap("c:\Mountain.jpg")

bitmap.Save("C:\Mountain.tif", _
    New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffEncoderOptions(50))

bitmap.Dispose()
C#
using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap =
    new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap(@"c:\Mountain.jpg"))
{
    bitmap.Save(@"C:\Mountain.tif", 
        new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffEncoderOptions(50));
}

Also you can use TiffWriter class instead of the Save method of the Bitmap. In particular it enables you to save the image asynchronously.

The TiffWriter class usage is demonstrated below:

Visual Basic
Dim dir As String = "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\"
Dim images As String() = {"Blue hills.jpg", "Sunset.jpg", "Water lilies.jpg", "Winter.jpg"}

Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap

Dim writer As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter("C:\multipage.tif")

For Each image As String In images
    bitmap.Load(dir & image)

    Dim frame As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame
    frame.Compression = Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.CompressionType.Lzw
    frame.SetBitmap(bitmap)

    writer.AddFrame(frame)

    frame.Dispose()
Next

bitmap.Dispose()

writer.Dispose()
C#
string dir = @"C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\";
String[] images = {"Blue hills.jpg", "Sunset.jpg", "Water lilies.jpg", "Winter.jpg"};

using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap = new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap())
{
    using(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter writer =
              new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter(@"C:\multipage.tif"))
    {
        foreach (string image in images)
        {
            bitmap.Load(dir + image);

            using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame frame =
                       new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame())
            {
                frame.Compression = Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.CompressionType.Lzw;
                frame.SetBitmap(bitmap);
                writer.AddFrame(frame);
            }
        }
    }
}

Loading Multipage TIFF Files

To load the TIFF files that contains multiple frames, you should use a TiffReader class. The code below demonstrates its usage. It reads multipage TIFF file and save each page into the separate JPEG file.

Visual Basic
Dim filename As String = "c:\multipage.tif"

Dim reader As Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.FormatReader = _
 Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.FormatManager.CreateFormatReader(filename)

Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap

For i As Integer = 0 To reader.FrameCount - 1
    Dim frame As Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.Frame = reader.LoadFrame(i)
    frame.GetBitmap(bitmap)
    frame.Dispose()

    bitmap.Save("c:\frame_" & i & ".jpg")
Next

bitmap.Dispose()

reader.Dispose()
C#
string filename = @"c:\multipage.tif";

using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IFormatReader reader =
           Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.FormatManager.CreateFormatReader(filename))
{

    using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap =
               new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FrameCount - 1; i++)
        {
            using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IFrame frame =
                       reader.LoadFrame(i))
            {
                frame.GetBitmap(bitmap);
                bitmap.Save(@"c:\frame_" + i.ToString() + ".jpg");
            }
        }
    }
}

Working with Metadata

TIFF files can store EXIF, IPTC, XMP, and Adobe® image resource blocks metadata collections. Graphics Mill for .NET enables you to extract this data from the TIFF file and save it into another TIFF file (as well as into the other file format which supports such kinds of metadata). This code example demonstrates how to add metadata to the file:

Visual Basic
Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap("c:\Mountain.jpg")
Dim encoderOptions As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffEncoderOptions(50)

'EXIF
Dim exif As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary
exif(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary.Software) = "Aurigma Graphics Mill"

encoderOptions.Exif = exif

'IPTC
Dim iptc As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Category) = "Nature"
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.CopyrightNotice) = "Aurigma Inc."
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Keyword) = "mountain"

encoderOptions.Iptc = iptc

'Adobe resource blocks
Dim adobeResources As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary
'Create new adobe image resource block with the required metadata
Dim arBlock As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock("Copyright", New Byte() {1})
'Set this block to the item with 0x040A ID (copyright flag)
adobeResources.Item(&H40A) = arBlock

encoderOptions.AdobeResources = adobeResources

'XMP
Dim xmp As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData()
'Create a node with the required metadata
Dim node As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode( _
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpNodeType.SimpleProperty, _
    "John Doe", _
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpTagNames.DCCreator)
xmp.AddNode(node)

encoderOptions.Xmp = xmp.Save()

bitmap.Save("C:\Mountain.tif", encoderOptions)

bitmap.Dispose()
C#
using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap = 
           new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap(@"c:\Mountain.jpg"))
{                
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffEncoderOptions encoderOptions =
        new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffEncoderOptions(50);

    //EXIF
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary exif =
        new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary();
    exif[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary.Software] = "Aurigma Graphics Mill";

    encoderOptions.Exif = exif;
    
    //IPTC
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary iptc =
        new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary();
    iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Category] = "Nature";
    iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.CopyrightNotice] = "Aurigma Inc.";
    iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Keyword] = "mountain";

    encoderOptions.Iptc = iptc;

    //Adobe resource blocks
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary adobeResources =
        new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary();
    //Create new adobe image resource block with the required metadata
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock arBlock = new
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock("Copyright", new byte[] { 1 });
    //Set this block to the item with 0x040A ID (copyright flag)
    adobeResources[0x040A] = arBlock;

    encoderOptions.AdobeResources = adobeResources;

    //XMP
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData xmp = new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData();
    //Create a node with the required metadata
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode node = new
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode(
            Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpNodeType.SimpleProperty,
            "John Doe",
            Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpTagNames.DCCreator);
    xmp.AddNode(node);

    encoderOptions.Xmp = xmp.Save();

    bitmap.Save(@"C:\Mountain.tif", encoderOptions);
}

The code below does the same, but using TiffWriter class:

Visual Basic
Dim bitmap As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap("c:\Mountain.jpg")
Dim writer As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter("C:\Mountain.tif")

'EXIF
Dim exif As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary
exif(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary.Software) = "Aurigma Graphics Mill"

writer.Exif = exif

'IPTC
Dim iptc As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Category) = "Nature"
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.CopyrightNotice) = "Aurigma Inc."
iptc(Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Keyword) = "mountain"

writer.Iptc = iptc

'Adobe resource blocks
Dim adobeResources As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary
'Create new adobe image resource block with the required metadata
Dim arBlock As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock("Copyright", New Byte() {1})
'Set this block to the item with 0x040A ID (copyright flag)
adobeResources.Item(&H40A) = arBlock

writer.AdobeResources = adobeResources

'XMP
Dim xmp As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData()
'Create a node with the required metadata
Dim node As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode( _
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpNodeType.SimpleProperty, _
    "John Doe", _
    Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpTagNames.DCCreator)
xmp.AddNode(node)

writer.Xmp = xmp.Save()

Dim frame As New Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame(50)

frame.SetBitmap(bitmap)

bitmap.Dispose()

writer.AddFrame(frame)

frame.Dispose()

writer.Dispose()
C#
using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap bitmap = 
           new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Bitmap(@"c:\Mountain.jpg"))
{                
    using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter writer = 
               new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffWriter(@"C:\Mountain.tif"))
    {
        //EXIF
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary exif =
            new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary();
        exif[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.ExifDictionary.Software] = "Aurigma Graphics Mill";

        writer.Exif = exif;
    
        //IPTC
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary iptc =
            new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary();
        iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Category] = "Nature";
        iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.CopyrightNotice] = "Aurigma Inc.";
        iptc[Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.IptcDictionary.Keyword] = "mountain";

        writer.Iptc = iptc;

        //Adobe resource blocks
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary adobeResources =
            new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceDictionary();
        //Create new adobe image resource block with the required metadata
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock arBlock = new
            Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.AdobeResourceBlock("Copyright", new byte[] { 1 });
        //Set this block to the item with 0x040A ID (copyright flag)
        adobeResources[0x040A] = arBlock;

        writer.AdobeResources = adobeResources;

        //XMP
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData xmp = new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpData();
        //Create a node with the required metadata
        Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode node = new
            Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpValueNode(
                Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpNodeType.SimpleProperty,
                "John Doe",
                Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.XmpTagNames.DCCreator);
        xmp.AddNode(node);

        writer.Xmp = xmp.Save();

        using (Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame frame = 
                   new Aurigma.GraphicsMill.Codecs.TiffFrame(50))
        {
            frame.SetBitmap(bitmap);

            writer.AddFrame(frame);
        }
    }
}